Timing of pediatric reanimation?

Timing of pediatric reanimation? When is the best age to consider facial reanimation in non-progressive congenital facial palsy? Many centers will perform facial reanimation by free muscle transfer in children at an early age (eg. 4 years). Is this the ideal age? The...

Electro-stimulation versus facial therapy?

Electro-stimulation versus facial therapy alone for management of facial palsy.A recent update to the Cochrane review{Teixeira:2011hm} concluded: “there is insufficient evidence to decide whether electrical stimulation works, to identify risks of these treatments or...

CFNG versus nerve transfer?

Cross face nerve graft versus ipsilateral cranial nerve transfer to power free muscle transfer: what do you think? Traditional donor nerves have included the contralateral facial nerve (CFNG), hypoglossal nerve, spinal accessory nerve and motor nerve to masseter. When...